The REPLACE statement works like INSERT, but the difference is that it inserts a new record after deleting the existing record without displaying the error when a duplicate value is to be inserted into a column for which PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints have defined. You must have both INSERT and DELETE authorization to use the REPLACE statement, because it performs insertion or insertion after deletion operations. Please see GRANT for more information about authorization.

<REPLACE ... VALUES statement>
REPLACE [INTO] table_name [(column_name, ...)]
    {VALUES | VALUE}({expr | DEFAULT}, ...)[,({expr | DEFAULT}, ...),...]

<REPLACE ... SET statement>
REPLACE [INTO] table_name
    SET column_name = {expr | DEFAULT}[, column_name = {expr | DEFAULT},...]

<REPLACE ... SELECT statement>
REPLACE [INTO] table_name [(column_name, ...)]
  • table_name: Specifies the name of the target table into which you want to insert a new record.
  • column_name: Specifies the name of the column into which you want to insert the value. If you omit to specify the column name, it is considered that all columns defined in the table have been specified. Therefore, you must specify the value for the column next to VALUES. If you do not specify all the columns defined in the table, a DEFAULT value is assigned to the non-specified columns; if the DEFAULT value is not defined, a NULL value is assigned.
  • expr | DEFAULT: Specifies values that correspond to the columns after VALUES. Expressions or the DEFAULT keyword can be specified as a value. At this time, the order and number of the specified column list must correspond to the column value list. The column value list for a single record is described in parentheses.

The REPLACE statement determines whether a new record causes the duplication of PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE index column values. Therefore, for performance reasons, it is recommended to use the INSERT statement for a table for which a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE index has not been defined.

--creating a new table having the same schema as a_tbl1
CREATE TABLE a_tbl4 LIKE a_tbl1;

SELECT * FROM a_tbl4;
           id  name                  phone
            1  'aaa'                 '000-0000'
            2  'bbb'                 '000-0000'
            3  'ccc'                 '333-3333'
            6  'eee'                 '000-0000'
--insert duplicated value violating UNIQUE constraint
REPLACE INTO a_tbl4 VALUES(1, 'aaa', '111-1111'),(2, 'bbb', '222-2222');
REPLACE INTO a_tbl4 SET id=6, name='fff', phone=DEFAULT;

SELECT * FROM a_tbl4;
           id  name                  phone
            3  'ccc'                 '333-3333'
            1  'aaa'                 '111-1111'
            2  'bbb'                 '222-2222'
            6  'fff'                 '000-0000'